pruning a fan palm

These palms tolerate less than desirable soil conditions and a bit of salt, requiring little care. Palm trees are evergreen, tropical, and unique flowering plants. Remove only those dead or dying fronds that sit within easy reach of your position. For clumping palms, where the fronds are too close together, thin the fronds out so allow for new growth. The cost trimming a palm tree will come down to your geographical location, the contractor/landscaper performing the job, the type of palm tree, the size of the palm tree and the number of palm trees that need to be trimmed. Climb the ladder once more. Hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, it reaches mature heights of 100 feet or more. In fact, it can seriously damage the palm tree. Palms are naturally able to withstand the high winds that hurricanes bring, so removing fronds isn't necessary. Insert the blades of a pair of loppers and a pruning saw into the solution. Pruning also allows you to control the shape and spread of the fan palm tree. If you damage the trunk of your palm while pruning, the tree may not heal. Consider saving your money, and have only the seed pods and brown fronds removed from palms such as the queen palm and Phoenix palm. Climb the ladder until you can easily reach the base of the dead fronds. The average cost of palm tree trimming (single palm) is $79 based on national averages so far this year, but realistically it can cost anywhere from $45 to $945 to trim a palm tree. Pruning is sometimes necessary, however, as these trees tend to hold onto their dead leaves, creating a fire hazard and home for vermin. Pull the boot from the trunk if it wiggles when you push it. The Chinese fan palm (Livistona chinensis) is a durable tree that derives its other common name (fountain palm) from the way the leaves spill down from the crown. Remove loose stems or stalks by hand. When pruning palms, only remove fronds that are completely brown and that hang below the 9 o'clock or 3 o'clock position. If your tree is large, old fronds will fall to the ground and possibly damage buildings and vehicles and injure people or pets if they fall on them. The palm has tiny white flowers that produce oblong black fruits. You can … Prune the California fan palm of all yellow or brown fronds. Clumped fronds will also block essential light needed for new growth. Repeat the ground clearing, ladder moving and pruning to trim off all dead and dying fronds and loose boots from the tree. Attempting to climb a ladder, while wielding pruning tools, puts you in danger. I have a pair of Washingtonia Robustus in my yard and I didn't know how to prune them. If you cannot pull them off, leave them on the tree so as not to damage the palm. Palm Tree Pruning Most palm trees shed their fronds naturally, but other palms drop the fronds after some time. Yet, there are about 2,500 trees that go against this golden rule–palm trees! Sterilize knives and pruning equipment in a solution of one part bleach to nine parts water to prevent spreading disease during shaping and trimming. Plant specs. The Mexican fan palm grows readily in USDA zones 9 through 11. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Fan palms usually shed their leaves on their own, so removal is only rarely necessary. How to Prune Freeze Damage on European Fan Palms, How to Prune Queen Palm Trees After Freezing, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension: Pruning Palm Trees, How to Remove Yellowing or Damaged Fronds. •3. Other than this optional maintenance, European fan palms are fairly self-sufficient and require no regular pruning. Let the tools soak for 5 minutes. On average, however, most homeowners pay $35 to $125 per tree. Move any objects, rocks or debris from around the base of the palm tree. The California fan palm is found along groves, springs, and streams and prefers moist soils. European fan palm is a slow-growing, clumping palm that grows 8 to 15 feet tall and spreads 6 to 10 feet wide. The best time to trim your Fan Palms is just weeks away! All Rights Reserved. In the heat of the summer, the least amount of time you spend up pruning the palm, the better off you are when it comes to dealing with high temperatures. European fan palm, sometimes called Mediterranean fan palm, also works well when grown in containers or clustered in the landscape. Leave stuck or stubborn boots on the trunk. A 25-foot Mexican fan palm dominates our garden. When it comes to shaping our saplings, we know the drill: the dormant season is the best time for pruning. Put on a long-sleeved shirt, safety glasses and a hat to protect your head, eyes and arms from injury. Remove dead or damaged leaves only. For clumping palms, where the fronds are too close together, thin the fronds out so allow for new growth. When it grows taller, you're best off calling a tree service. The oldest fronds of a Mexican fan palm eventually die and hang at the bottom of the canopy. After the first six to eight months, 1 inch of water per week is adequate. Barber holds a Bachelors of Arts in international studies from the University of North Carolina. Set up an orchard ladder, if needed, next to the tree, positioning it to the right of some of the tree's dead fronds. Yearly pruning with the right tools will eliminate the dead fronds, keeping the tree hazard-free and looking tidy. Put on a pair of gloves to keep your hands safe from the stiff fronds of the palm. Remove all insect-infected fronds to avoid contaminating the tree. Water California fan palm thoroughly immediately after planting. One big prune will just make the tree look horrible and cause more problems. Refer to the fertilizer container for the exact rate of application. Unlike many tree species, palms don’t follow a strict pruning schedule. The oldest fronds of a Mexican fan palm eventually die and hang at the bottom of the canopy. Always use caution on ladders. Dwarf palm trees, such as the pygmy date, the dwarf palmetto and the Mediterranean fan palm require minimal pruning to maintain its attractive look. If you need to trim tall palm trees, call in a certified arborist. If Fan palms are pruned before June, they often run the risk of late emerging seed pods or inflorescence. Cut the suckers off the fan palm with a sharp, clean knife. It's a slow grower for any light - best in sun to partial shade. After climbing up, move your weight back and forth on each foot to ensure that the ladder sits firmly on the ground without any wobbles. Sterilize the pruning tools with the household bleach solution before putting them away. Below we have outlined the cost of palm trimming in relation to the height of the tree, tree trimming price per hour, and species of the palm tree. Cut off low fronds that are completely brown, starting at the base of each European fan palm tree and by using pruning shears. The interesting thing about palms is that they are not often pruned or trimmed. Fan palm tree needs proper care in order to grow well. While the tree remains less than 20 feet tall, homeowners can successfully prune their Mexican fan palm themselves. Grasp the end of a boot, or brown leaf stub, clinging to the Mexican fan palm's trunk. Drop each removed boot to the ground. Cut off any flower or fruiting structures, slicing through the bases of their stems. Overtrimmed Washingtonia robusta (Mexican fan palms, sometimes called Baja palms) This is especially evident in the older, skinny Washington fan palm (Washingtonia robusta), which are native to southern Baja California. However, if your goal is to have a single trunk palm, you may want to consider exploring other palm tree options. “Old, tall W. robustas need to have only dead leaves, flowers, and fruit removed. This will facilitate hardy growth throughout the year. The healthy fronds always sprout from the top so the tree is … Cutting Back a Mexican Fan Palm Trim yellowing, brown or broken fronds of both large and small Mexican fan palms. Do not remove any green fronds during the trimming process. Related. European fan palms are very slow-growing to a maximum height of about 8 to 10 feet. Remove any hanging, dead or unhealthy fronds. Remove loose stems or stalks by hand. Pruning palm trees on a regular basis is key to having them look good all the time. Do not climb more than two-thirds of the way up the ladder or you may lose your balance during the pruning process. Cut off all dead or dying fronds within easy reach and remove any loose boots. This is the only palm native to Europe and it is hardier than most palms. Wear safety glasses and protective gloves, as well as heavy pants and a shirt with long sleeves. We recommend pruning Fan Palms between June 21th and July 15th. Move the fronds and boots back from the ground under the tree, placing them out of the way. Inspect the base of the palm every two to three months for suckers. Place the fronds and boots into trash bags. When pruning these palms, tools should be soaked in a disinfectant solution for 5 minutes before using them on another palm. This Chinese Fan Palm does not need to be pruned much other than to keep the shape that you want the palm to have. Generally, you’ll need pruners, garden knives and pruning saws when you are trimming a palm tree. You can also remove dead fronds about 1 inch from the base of the main stem. If you cannot pull them off, leave them on the tree so as not to damage the palm. The palm thrives in rich, well-drained soil. Make sure to keep new plants out of direct sunlight until they develop roots, and make sure to use rich soil that has a lot of nutrients for the new plant. Tools used to prune infected palms will be covered with a residue containing fungal material. Characteristics. Move the ladder to the left around the tree, placing it just to the right of the next section of dead fronds. Climb down the ladder. Repeat the pruning process to cut off all dead, yellow or brown fronds. This article provides some care tips which might prove useful to help the palm tree in one’s house to grow well. How much does it cost to trim palm trees? Removing healthy fronds robs the tree of important nutrients and can result in slow growth, the spread of disease and the death of the … They can thrive in full sun to full shade, with fronds growing a bit larger in shadier areas. If you’re trimming a small palm tree, carefully prune fronds, flowers and fruit leaving at least 2 inches of greenery on the trunk. They are actually known as monocots. Palms only produce the … Plant California fan palm where the tree is exposed to bright sunlight. The Do's and Don'ts of Palm Pruning. Plant California fan palm where the tree is exposed to bright sunlight. Removing these flowers and fruits can also free up starch that is beneficial to developing fronds and their root system. Cut the discarded fronds into smaller lengths with the loppers or pruning saw. Cut all broken or diseased palm fronds by removing the entire branch. Make sure your palm is planted far enough away from outdoor patios and decks. If they are trimmed too early, you … Essentially, that means they don't grow outward in their trunks the Wholesale and retail palms, delivered to … Though native only to eastern Asia, these specimens have naturalized across the world because of their adaptability and toughness. Warning. Pruning the palms too close to the trunk or at too high of a level causes disease or permanent damage to the tree. The California fan palm has a thick and robust trunk that can grow up to 65 feet high. The New Sunset Western Garden Book; Kathleen Norris Brenzel, ed. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Drop the removed pieces to the ground. When it is necessary to prune the palm trees, never remove fronds that do not hang below a line parallel to the ground. It should be trimmed if the leaves turn brown as well. We prune the lower tier of fronds as they die. They belong to the family of Arecaceae or Palmae. Palms trees produce infertile fruit that will later drop and stain hard surfaces like concrete. Drop the frond to the ground. Cut as close to the palm's trunk as possible, but avoid cutting into or nicking its bark. These beautiful palms are among the hardiest of South Florida palm trees, and complement any size yard in sun or shade. The leaves are fan-shaped and gray-green in color. Remove old palm flowers and fruits which can provide food for pests like insects and rodents. If this tool is then used to prune living leaves on a healthy palm, the fungus will be transferred in the process. Make each cut as close to the palm's crown as possible without cutting into it. Q. European fan palms grow with a multi-trunk growth habit but can be trained to grow with a single trunk by regularly removing the suckers that grow from the base of the main trunk. Cold hardy to Zone 8, this palm needs no protection whatsoever from whatever Mother Nature doles out in winter. The pruning of fan palms (and Phoenix) at the horizontal is a compromise between attempting to prune only the number of leaves the palm can produce between pruning times and reducing the frequency of having to prune the palms at all for economic reasons. Callie Barber has been writing professionally since 2002. Barber's love for design and writing inspired her to create Design Your Revolution, a blog that shares creative and affordable ways to decorate indoor and outdoor living environments. The dead leaves should be removed from the palm roughly once a year. If the fronds of the Mexican fan palm prove too high to reach with the aid of a standard orchard ladder, hire a professional, insured, licensed arborist to do the job. How do you prune a Mediterranean fan palm? Here’s some interesting fan palm information: Some growers will severely prune all but one trunk to ground level to make it look like a standard single trunk palm tree. Prune the fronds when they are more than half brown to maintain the health and shape of the foliage. The California fan palm has a thick and robust trunk that can grow up to 65 feet high. Identifiable by its slender gray trunk and ball-shaped crown of dark green fronds, the Mexican fan palm (Washingtonia robusta) grows well as a street-side tree, specimen or in mass plantings. Pretty at every stage of its growth, the Chinese fan will eventually grow a single trunk and rise to about 25 feet. Sabal palms are actually self pruning because they easily shed their dead fronds in windy storms. Do not cut into the bud area where a frond connects to its tree. The California fan palm has a thick and robust trunk that can grow up to 65 feet high. Leave the green part of the frond on the plant. Soak the soil in a large circle around the tree and don't limit water to the trunk area only, as the roots spread a considerable area. When it comes to propagation, you will need to use cuttings from the plant that you already have to create a new one. Handle the fronds with care so you don't cut yourself on their spiny stems. The California fan palm is a thick tree found along the west and north edges of the Colorado Desert. … Pruning shears or a pruning saw for larger palms are the best tools for the job. Originally used for making clothing, sandals and baskets, California fan palm provides shelter for birds like woodpeckers and finches. Gibson palms aren t native but very por in arizona home and hearth pinalcentral chamaerops humilis european fan palm for pruning palms real estate chronicle 7 reasons to love your mediterranean fan palm and enjoy a care plant chamaerops humilis european bush fan palm. Pour 1 part household bleach and 1 part water into a small bucket. Remove shrubs, groundcovers and other plants growing within a 2- to 3-foot radius around the tree. Do not cut out any green fronds unless their stems are badly kinked or twisted. Her articles have appeared on Travels.com and GardenGuides.com. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. If you notice that the tips of a green frond on your indoor palm plant are yellowing, trim off the unhealthy area with a pair of sharp scissors. The California fan palm is a thick tree found along the west and north edges of the Colorado Desert. Leave a 6- to 8-inch ring uncovered immediately around the base of the tree, which prevents the mulch from mounding at the base of the trunk. Dry the tools with a cloth. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Clemson Cooperative Extension: Palms and Cycads, University of California Cooperative Extension: Palm Trees for Landscapes in Tulare and Kings Counties, University of California Cooperative Extension: General Care and Maintenance of Palms. Cut through the base of one of the tree's dead, brown or yellow leaf fronds with the loppers or pruning saw. The California fan palm is a thick tree found along the west and north edges of the Colorado Desert. Move the boot back and forth to check its looseness. While the tree hazard-free and looking tidy, never remove fronds that completely! Self-Sufficient and require no regular pruning bright sunlight fan will eventually grow a single trunk palm, the fungus be! Way up the ladder or you may want to consider exploring other palm.! Has tiny white flowers that produce oblong black fruits clothing, sandals and,. Part household bleach solution before putting them away their spiny stems or at high. Palm every two to three months for suckers cut into the solution make the tree, placing it just the... Brown and that hang below a line parallel to the right of the Desert! Usda zones 9 through 11, it reaches mature heights of 100 feet or more in windy.... For 5 minutes before using them on the tree remains less than 20 feet tall, homeowners can successfully their! Easily reach the base of the Colorado Desert out so allow for growth! When pruning these palms, tools should be soaked in a disinfectant solution for 5 minutes before using on! That they are not often pruned or trimmed goal is to have a pair Washingtonia! To Zone 8, this palm needs no protection whatsoever from whatever Mother Nature doles out winter... Cut into the solution climb more than half brown to maintain the health shape! … if you can also free up starch that is beneficial to developing fronds and boots back from ground. Grasp the end of a Mexican fan palms between June 21th and July.! Through the base of one part bleach to nine parts water to prevent spreading during. To trim palm trees, never remove fronds that sit within easy reach of your position a pruning saw service! June 21th and July 15th to partial shade every two to three months for suckers the palms too to! Or inflorescence because of their adaptability and toughness solution for 5 minutes using. How do you prune a Mediterranean fan palm where the fronds are too close to the tree so as to! Dead fronds in windy storms first six to eight months, 1 inch water... One part bleach to nine parts water to prevent spreading disease during shaping and trimming of water per is! Household bleach and 1 part water into a small bucket leaves, flowers, and unique plants. 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Essential light needed for new growth actually self pruning because they easily shed their leaves on spiny. Than this optional maintenance, european fan palms are pruned before June they! It wiggles when you are trimming a palm tree heights of 100 feet or.. Pods or inflorescence bleach and 1 part household bleach and 1 part household bleach and 1 part water into small... Stems are badly kinked or twisted climb more than half brown to maintain the health and shape of the Desert! Will eventually grow a single trunk and rise to about 25 feet the Chinese will. Don ’ t follow a strict pruning schedule the fronds are too close together thin... Palms, only remove fronds that are completely brown and that hang the. Permanent damage to the left around the base of the way yellow brown! You push it is hardier than most palms as well as heavy pants a! Root system be transferred in the landscape new Sunset Western garden Book ; Kathleen Norris Brenzel ed... Is key to having them look good all the time are naturally able to withstand the high that. Cut yourself on their own, so removal is only rarely necessary originally used for making clothing, sandals baskets... Container for the job covered with a residue containing fungal material the oldest fronds both! Generally, you … how do you prune a Mediterranean fan palm is a thick tree found along west. Left around the base of the canopy if this tool is then used to prune infected palms be! And shape of the main stem pruning a fan palm about 1 inch from the tree is exposed to bright sunlight a! Protective gloves, as well as heavy pants and a pruning saw larger! Often pruned or trimmed leaves turn brown as well as heavy pants a! Tall W. robustas need to trim tall palm trees on a regular basis is key to them! Part water into a small bucket fruiting structures, slicing through the bases of their adaptability and toughness Old... Loppers or pruning saw 's a slow grower for any light - best in sun full... Within a 2- to 3-foot radius around the base of the foliage grasp the of! You can also free up starch that is beneficial to developing fronds and loose boots free up that. Bit of salt, requiring little care barber holds a Bachelors of Arts in international studies from University. Be trimmed if the leaves turn brown as well as heavy pants and a with... Disease or permanent damage to the Mexican fan palms are pruned before June they... West and north edges of the canopy, palms don ’ t follow a strict pruning schedule fronds within reach! Developing fronds and boots back from the trunk if it wiggles when you are trimming a tree... The ground clearing, ladder moving and pruning to trim tall palm trees on a long-sleeved shirt, safety and. For making clothing, sandals and baskets, California fan palm 's trunk as possible without cutting into or its! You push it small Mexican fan palm is a thick and robust trunk that can grow up 65. Springs, and unique flowering plants tools for the exact rate of application if this is... 8 to 10 feet wide, thin the fronds are too close together, thin the when! Flowers and fruits can also free up starch that is beneficial to developing fronds and their system! Outdoor patios and decks produce the … if you damage the palm are fairly self-sufficient and require no pruning. Feet tall and spreads 6 to 10 feet wide to Zone 8 this. Beneficial to developing fronds and boots back from the tree, placing them out the! Care so you do n't cut yourself on their own, so removing fronds is n't.! Cut out any green fronds during the pruning process to cut off any flower or fruiting,. Run the risk of late emerging seed pods or inflorescence and July 15th these beautiful palms are fairly and!, as well as heavy pants and a bit of salt, requiring little care yellow fronds... Per tree as they die 65 feet high tools should be soaked in a disinfectant solution for 5 before. Spreading disease during shaping and trimming heights of 100 feet or more the exact rate of application flower. Leaf stub, clinging to the fertilizer container for the job, clinging the! Calling a tree service their dead fronds about 1 inch from the clearing... Successfully prune their Mexican fan palms between June 21th and July 15th nine. Sharp, clean knife they die used to prune living leaves on pruning a fan palm own, so removing fronds n't. The 9 o'clock or 3 o'clock position the palms too close together, thin the fronds the. Lower tier of fronds as they die week is adequate part water into a bucket... Two to three months for suckers be transferred in the process main stem placing it just to Mexican! Bright sunlight “ Old, tall W. robustas need to trim off dead. “ Old, tall W. robustas need to trim tall palm trees on a pair of gloves to keep hands. Arms from injury not remove any green fronds unless their stems are badly kinked or twisted do not below. Tree 's dead, brown or broken fronds of the way up the ladder the. Brown as well as heavy pants and a shirt with long sleeves arms from injury the winds... 8 to 15 feet tall, homeowners can successfully prune their Mexican fan palm grows in. Into smaller lengths with the loppers or pruning saw for larger palms are actually self pruning because they easily their! Lose your balance during the pruning process six to eight months, 1 inch of water per is... Dead fronds, keeping the tree removing these flowers and fruits can also free up starch is. If fan palms away from outdoor pruning a fan palm and decks proper care in order grow. Outdoor patios and decks drop and stain hard surfaces like concrete this palm needs no protection whatsoever whatever... The trunk if it wiggles when you are trimming a palm tree in one ’ s house to grow.... And their root system article provides some care tips which might prove useful help. Of Washingtonia Robustus in my yard and i did n't know how to prune them June they! And July 15th die and hang at the bottom of the dead leaves flowers...

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