The Palmeral is the only palm grove in Europe with North African origins and the largest on the continent. Discover the ‘Palmeral de Elche’, a World Heritage Site since 2000. The Date Palm of Elche Spain: Research for the Sustainable Preservation of A World Heritage Site. Télécharger cette image : Palm Grove, musée, Elche, Elx, Alicante, Costa Blanca, Espagne - AYPMRG depuis la bibliothèque d’Alamy parmi des millions de photos, illustrations et vecteurs en haute résolution. With more than 200,000 trees, the Palm Grove of Elche (El Parmeral in Spanish) is the largest in Europe and was declared UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000. As industrialization reduced palm production to a minor economic role, the Palmeral contracted in size. The Palm Groves of Elche are World Heritage status because of the irrigation system used dating from the Arab rule. Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte. LAUREANO Pietro, Atlas de agua. The legislation proved effective until the UNESCO World Heritage Site designation in 2000. Palm grove of Elche Obtenez des photos d'actualité haute résolution de qualité sur Getty Images Carthaginians planted the Elche’s first palm trees more than 2000 years ago. The partidor supplied small industries (i.e., oil and soap producers), bathhouses, and local markets. CREMADES Vicente, Protección y tutela normativa de “el palmeral de Elche”, Revista de Sociales y Jurídicas, 1, 2009,4, p. 82-109. Typical scene in Elche, Spain. GUINOT Enric and SELMA Sergi, Las acequias de Elche y Crevillente, Valencia, Consellería d’Agricultura, Peixca i Alimentació, 2003, p. 147-148. ), Los bienes culturales y su aportación al desarrollo sostenible, San Vicente del Raspeig, Universidad de Alicante, 2012, p. 589-612.  The Palm Grove also constitutes the northernmost and one of the largest palm groves in the world. Accessed 11.14.2020. GUINOT Enric and SELMA Sergi, Las acequias de Elche y Crevillente, Valencia, Consellería d’Agricultura, Peixca i Alimentació, 2003. The history of Elche's palm groves, and the cultivation of the palm tree (in fact a giant herb rather than a tree) for dates and bleached palm, are clearly explained.  The Filet de Flora Palm Trees Park includes the Huertos de Rogeta, Sempere, Casimira, Pastoret, Mareta, Borreguet, and Monjo palm groves. This palm grove is an agricultural system of Arabic origin, dating back to the Muslim conquest of Spain. The Regional Government of Valencia passed the Law of the Tutelage and Protection of the Palmeral of Elche in 1986, thereby replacing all previous regulations. The Caliphate divided the groves into huertos (rectangular base agricultural unit, Spanish for orchard) forming huertas (groups of huertos). Michael Ferry, et al. Palm Grove Museum Palmeral of Elche 2000. Le Palmeral contient plus d'un demi-million d'exemplaires. Review of Palm Groves (Palmeral) of Elche. m. and with breathtaking views of the surrounding countryside.The property offers one floor with more than 240 sq. As the canal network expanded, so too did the need for water administration. Walk the palm groves Elche is world famous for being home to some 200,000 palm trees of many different types, in various parks in and around the town. Very nice place for a walk and a rest and beautiful pictures. SAGASTA Julio and PINEDA Enrique, La gestión del Palmeral de Elche, BARCIELA C., LÓPEZ M.I., MELGAREJO J. Nowhere else in Europe can you find more palms in one place, more than 11,000 palms. The Palm Grove ranges over 3.5 km2 (1.4 sq mi), including 1.5 km2 (0.58 sq mi) within the city of Elche. Palm grove of elche with more than 200.000 specimens, is the largest palm grove in Europe. Europe's largest palm grove is found in the town of Elche a few miles inland from Alicante on the Costa Blanca. Early legislation did not halt Palmeral contraction.. The Carthaginians were the first to plant the date palm trees there. Accessed 11.12.2020. Il est le palmeraie plus grand d 'Europe, dépassé dans le monde que par des palmeraies arabes. The Roman empire introduced water management techniques to Elche, but the 10th c. Islamic Caliphate of Córdoba and later rulers of Al-Andalus planted palm groves and garden-estates in huertos (rectangular base agricultural units). The area is 1.5 square kilometers. Maybe you find that little but it's still holes that disfigure this beautiful setting that is the palm grove of Elche. Following its declaration in the year 2000 as one of UNESCO`s World Heritage Sites, the City Council established the Palm Grove Museum in a traditional XIX century house, in the centrally located Huerto de San Plácido. The history and design of the great Islamic gardens, New York 1987.  Palm trees were planted in a grid pattern with single or double rows along the rectangular huerto edges. 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The Acequia Mayor ended at a partidor channeling excess flow into two reservoirs. THE PALM GROVE  The partidores, constructed from wood and stone, were redeployed within different irrigation system sections. By the second half of the 20th century, date harvesting (which still occurs between November and December) and "white palm" production became heritage activities reserved for the local marketplace. The Libro Major and Libro Chico water books recorded rights and dates for water distribution in tanda (irrigation round) or 37.5 day sessions. m. A great terrace with unique views of the Elche Palm Trees. Palm grove of elche with more than 200.000 specimens, is the largest palm grove in Europe. The Ornamental Collection contains palm trees from 70 different species, chiefly date palm trees (Phoenix dactylifera), as well as olive trees and citrus trees. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Alicante photos available for quick and easy download. The Palmeral includes a National Artistic Garden, Palm Grove Museum, Route of El Palmeral, and Municipal Park. The two UNESCO declarations and local identity in Elche. In the 10th century CE, the Caliphate of Córdoba moved the city of Elche seven km away from Ilici to its present location. Blair, Sheila., and Jonathan Bloom. The inhabitants of Elche used well known techniques from the Near East and the Sahara-region to let this desert bloom. The Date Palm of Elche Spain: Research for the Sustainable Preservation of A World Heritage Site. Aqueducts then channeled the dam water to Elche. If you park by the train station, it is free ( apart from the €2 you pay a local to help park.  The secondary canals channeled one water part to the Albinella for Elche urban consumption, two parts for the Séquia de Marchena and 25 parts for the Acequia Mayor. There are about 250000 palm trees in the palm grove and it is 8000 palm trees which were affected or … Let's first remember that the Elche Palm Grove is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Cultivo y aprovechamiento, Alicante, Instituto de Estudios Alicantinos, 1983. Palm Grove Museum Palmeral of Elche 2000. GLICK Thomas, Regadío y sociedad en la Valencia medieval, Valencia, Biblioteca Valenciana, 2003. D. Fairchild Ruggles, Islamic gardens and landscapes, Philadelphia 2008. , The Palm Grove Museum, housed within two traditional 19th century houses connected by a skybridge, details the historical and cultural context of the Palm Grove and UNESCO World Heritage status. www.mecd.gob.es. The Caliphate from the 7th to 10th century expanded the irrigation system into a complicated canal system centered on the Vinalopó river. Elche 1960-1980, Valencia, Universidad de Alicante, Ayuntamiento de Elche, p. 197. Palm grove of elche with more than 200.000 specimens, is the largest palm grove in Europe. They contain more than 11,000 palm trees, mostly date palms (Phoenix dactylifera), with individual specimens up to 300 years old. What are the damages in the palm grove of Elche. In the 16th century, rapid population expansion paired with Elche’s arid environment prompted canal expansion. THE HUERTO DEL CURA. Over the centuries, generations of peasants have transformed this arid region into a small paradise. In the Municipal District of Elche there is the greatest concentration of palm trees in all of Europe: according to estimations, there are between 200,000 and 300,000 specimens of the Phoenix Dacilifera species. As seen from a distance it may appear to be a palm forest, while it is actually a plantation with agriculture purposes. The famous "Imperial Palm" (Palmera Imperial) is a 176 year old, male date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera) with 7 stems in the shape of a candelabra. Location: In the city centre. The Route of El Palmeral, which starts and finishes at the Palm Grove Museum, takes visitors across the Acequia Mayor del Pantano irrigation system to the Huerto del Cura and Filet de Fora Palm Trees Park.  The palm trees prevented soil erosion, decreased water evaporation, provided shade, and protected crops from wind. Some palm trees grow to a height of more than 30 metres and live up to 300 years. UNESCO World Heritage. The Palm Grove of Elche. Date Palms of Elche, p.140-146. (eds. The scale insect Red Date Scale (Phoenicococcus marlatti) lays eggs on the trunk and stems, resulting in an invasive fungus.  Palmeral management also has deployed red date scale predators Rhyzobius lophantae and Chilocorus bipustulatus.. In the Islamic period, gardens symbolized paradise. Book of Proceedings. The palm grove or garden is a typical feature of the North African landscape which was brought to Europe during the Islamic occupation of much of the Iberian peninsula and has survived to the present day at Elche. IBARRA Pedro, Estudio acerca de la institución del riego de Elche y origen de sus aguas, Madrid, Establecimiento tipográfico de Jaime Ratés, 1914. ), Los bienes culturales y su aportación al desarrollo sostenible, San Vicente del Raspeig, Universidad de Alicante, 2012. Accessed 11.14.2020. The Elche City Council is reviewing another special plan, allowing for temporary constructions (i.e., tents) for municipal gardens and tourism, including nature classrooms, garden sales, and palm workshops. Palm grove of elche with more than 200.000 specimens, is the largest palm grove in Europe. Vol 46 (3). Elche 1960-1980, Valencia, Universidad de Alicante, Ayuntamiento de Elche, 1985.  The water mills disappeared in the 20th century due to the introduction of electricity to Elche. Thought to be the largest palm grove in Europe and one of the largest in the world. The Carthaginians were the first to plant the date palm trees there. All lands left of the river, called the Huerta Major or Huerta de los Cristianos, belonged to the Christian tenants. Frequent reservoir clogging and elevated salinity levels from evaporation limited the dam’s impact. It is an orchard of over 200,000 palm trees that was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2000. In December 2000 at the XXIV meeting of the World Heritage Committee, UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization) successfully established the Palm Grove and El Misteri d'Elx (The Mystery of Elche) as a World Heritage Site. National Artistic Palm Grove. As seen from a distance it may appear to be a palm forest, while it is actually a plantation with agriculture purposes. The National Artistic Garden encompasses the palm groves, the Ornamental Collections, ponds, sculptures, and the garden house. LAUREANO Pietro, Atlas de agua. Carthaginians planted the Elche’s first palm trees more than 2000 years ago. The history and design of the great Islamic gardens, New York 1987, p.163-177. Elche - Discover Elche Palmeral and live the real experience with the Green Michelin Guide - find useful information and opening times - Elche Palmeral . m. and with breathtaking views of the surrounding countryside. Efforts to protect the palm groves predate the 2000 UNESCO World Heritage designation.  The palm groves also provided construction material for wood, fibers (i.e., baskets, thatched house roofing), and ornamentation. The ancient irrigation system, which is still functioning, is … Greater irrigation distance resulted in stricter standards for dula water. Thanks to the irrigation expertise of the Arabs, the palm grove underwent rapid development in the 8th century. Europe's largest palm grove is found in the town of Elche a few miles inland from Alicante on the Costa Blanca.  Under the Caliphate of Córdoba, the garden-estate tradition percolated into Toledo, Seville, Granada, and Elche. University Park, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2017, p.126-134. The Palmeral of Elche, a landscape of groves of date palms, was formally laid out, with elaborate irrigation systems, at the time the Muslim city of Elche was erected, towards the end of the tenth century A.D., when much of the Iberian peninsula was Arab. Normativa, 2013, p. 20. Photo about The Palm Grove of Elche, Spain. Although, when viewed from a distance, it may appear to be a great forest, it is, in reality, a plantation with an agriculture purpose. Gharipour, Mohammad.  Today, the city of Elche contains 97 orchards composed of 70,000 date palms, concentrated in the east bank of the Vinalopó. John Brookes, Gardens of paradise. Still the historic palm grove in Elche rates as a Unesco World Heritage Site and walking below hundreds of years old trees feels invigorating amidst all the traditional sightseeing. Visitelche Organismo Autónomo Local. This museum is dedicated to the history of palm groves and is located in the former plantation of Sant Placid. , Elche residents prized gardens and orchards as respites from the arid conditions, offering an oasis of scents, sounds, touch, and visual beauty. Beginning in 1884, railways sectioned off huertas from uninterrupted fields into isolated plots. Visit Elche Local Autonomous Body. A beautiful park which we came back too. your car in any gap). Palm Grove* Elche. La huerta de Elche, Agua y territorio. SAGASTA Julio and PINEDA Enrique, La gestión del Palmeral de Elche, BARCIELA C., LÓPEZ M.I., MELGAREJO J. Elche - A European Palm Grove.  The Ministry of National Education invoked the Artistic Treasury Law on July 27, 1943 and designated all Elche palm groves an Artistic Garden. Ends 11/30 @ 11:59pm PT. In Europe, there are three principal palmgroves: Greta in Greece, Bordighera in Italy and Elche in Spain. more, Huerto Del Cura Jardin Artistico Nacional. UNESCO is currently discussing protection changes to grant a broader use of the palm trees opposed to just their leaves. Inadequate sun, humidity, and wider temperature ranges from climate change curb the palm tree growth season. Palm grove of elche with more than 200.000 specimens, is the largest palm grove in Europe. After redistributing water rights, the Christian rulers expanded the canal system. Arguably Europe's most famous palms, and certainly the most numerous. The area is 1.5 square kilometers. Road at Palm Grove in Elche town - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock “Palmeral de Elche.” Elche Tourist Office, Government of Elche. Agrosystems protection as heritage elements: Cultural Landscapes. Although its presence dates from prehistoric times, it was in the Arab period when it reached its greatest splendour, as the Muslims laid out the palm trees in the form of orchards and vastly improved their cultivation. Elche’s Palm Grove. To combat the red palm weevil and Red Date Scale, Palmeral management deploys biological pest control, pheromone traps, and approved specific pesticides.  Every landowner received water at a specified time and water part. Once you get to Rio Safari Elche, you’ll avoid waiting in long lines as entrance tickets are provided. Within the Phoenix Station, the French National Institute of Agronomic Research and the Centre of International Co-operation of Agronomic Research for Development performs biological research to increase palm tree climate, pets, and disease resistance. In the 13th century Christian rulers conquered Elche and expanded the canal system. Palm Grove Villa-Built in 2002 this Palm Grove Villa rests on a plot of 2.000 sq. Location of Palmeral of Elche in Valencian Community, National Artistic Garden (Huerto del Cura Garden), Route of El Palmeral (The Filet de Fora Palm Park). Pedro Gimenez Peon, Santa Pola, Alicante, Spain Chamaerops No.32 Autumn 1998. GRACIA Lina, Indicadores ambientales y paisajísticos del palmeral de Elche, doctoral thesis. The two UNESCO declarations and local identity in Elche. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. (eds. Restaurants near Palm Groves (Palmeral) of Elche: Things to do near Palm Groves (Palmeral) of Elche, Is this a place or activity you would suggest for, Calle Porta de La Morera 49, 03203 Elche Spain, Small botanical garden with many plants, little streams and fish.  The palm weaving tradition and Palm Sunday parade continues in Elche today. Road at Palm Grove in Elche town - Acheter cette photo libre de droit et découvrir des images similaires sur Adobe Stock Palm Groves (Palmeral) of Elche: Palm Grove* Elche - See 1,031 traveler reviews, 776 candid photos, and great deals for Elche, Spain, at Tripadvisor.
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